Speaker: Dr. Weiwei Hu (胡薇薇博士)

Time: 11:00-12:00, 18 May 2023 (Thursday) (Beijing time)

Venue: A103, Lijiao Building

Tencent Meeting ID: 623-631-741


The question of what velocity fields effectively enhance or prevent transport and mixing, or steer a scalar field to the desired distribution, is of great interest and fundamental importance to the fluid mechanics community. In this talk, we mainly discuss the problem of optimal mixing of an inhomogeneous distribution of a scalar field via active control of the flow velocity, governed by the Stokes or the Navier-Stokes equations. Specifically, we consider that the velocity field is steered by a control input that acts tangentially on the boundary of the domain through the Navier slip boundary conditions. This is motivated by mixing within a cavity or vessel by rotating or moving walls. Our main objective is to design a Navier slip boundary control for achieving optimal mixing. Non-dissipative scalars governed by the transport equation will be our main focus. In the absence of molecular diffusion, mixing is purely determined by the flow advection. This essentially leads to a nonlinear control and optimization problem.  A rigorous proof of the existence of optimal open-loop control and the first-order necessary conditions for optimality will be addressed. Moreover, a feedback law (sub-optimal) will be also constructed based on interpolation of the optimality conditions.  Finally, numerical experiments will be presented to demonstrate our ideas and control designs.

About Dr. Hu

Weiwei Hu is an Associate Professor of Mathematics at the University of Georgia, Athens (UGA). Before joining UGA, Dr. Hu hold a tenure-track position in the Department of Mathematics at the Oklahoma State University (OSU) from August 2016 to July 2019. She also held a Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications (IMA), University of Minnesota, on the program “Control Theory and its Applications” from September 2015 to August 2016, and a non-tenure-track Assistant Professor position in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Southern California (USC) from August 2012 to May 2015. She received her doctorate in Applied Mathematics at Virginia Tech (VT) in May 2012. Dr. Hu’s current research interests include mathematical control theory of partial differential equations, optimal control of transport and mixing, computational methods for optimal control design and model reduction.